The American Cancer Society estimates that around 8,850 new cases of testicular cancer will be diagnosed in 2017. For men aged 15-44, it is the most commonly diagnosed cancer.

Since this cancer affects part of the male reproductive system, a prominent concern is the risk of damage to fertility. Below, we’ll go over what testicular cancer is, how it affects fertility, and who could be at a higher risk.

What is Testicular Cancer?

Cancer can happen in nearly any part of the body because it occurs when cells begin to grow faster than they should. More than 90% of cancers of the testes begin in something called the germ cells. Germ cells are specialized cells in the testicles that make sperm. The two most prominent types of germ cell tumors in men are seminomas and non-seminomas.

Cancer and Fertility

Even though fertility will be hindered immediately following cancer treatments such as chemotherapy, fertility can return after around two years. In most cases, cancer occurs in only one testis. If one testis must be removed, the remaining can typically still produce enough testosterone to keep the patient healthy.

Many people who are worried about their possibility for conception Men who are worried about their fertility after treatment for testicular cancer can consider freezing their sperm beforehand. Sperm that survives the initial process of freezing can last indefinitely, making this a great option for those who want a backup plan.

Do You Have a High Risk of Testicular Cancer?

There are a few factors that could put a person at a higher risk for cancer. Being born with an undescended testicle could result in a higher risk of testicular cancer, even if you have surgery to fix the problem. Having a previous diagnosis of testicular cancer in one teste could also put you at a higher risk of developing it in the other.

While dealing with any cancer is concerning for many reasons, having testicular cancer doesn’t necessarily mean the end to your chances of expanding your family.

You can learn more about male infertility in these posts: 

Combat-related Injuries and Male Fertility 

Erectile Dysfunction

How Cancer and Treatments Can Affect Conception

Looking for a more affordable fertility option? Cervical cap insemination puts the sperm at the opening of the cervix, as close as possible, to swim up through to an egg, optimizing your chances of becoming pregnant. Learn more about The Stork OTC