When couples have been struggling to get pregnant over a year and are facing infertility, there are several simple tests and examinations they can go through to try to diagnose the problem. If these initial trials don’t produce results, then a doctor or fertility specialist might recommend further steps to take in additional tests.

If these tests come back normal, doctors may choose to further investigate the cause of these fertility issues by suggesting additional procedures. The following is a brief rundown of possible fertility tests that a couple may undergo:

Standard Infertility Tests

HSG: An HSG ( which is short for hysterosalpingogram) is an X-ray of a woman’s uterus and fallopian tubes. It is used to identify potential blockages, anomalies, tumors, or scar tissue that could be causing conceiving issues. Before the X-ray is taken, though, the uterine cavity is filled with dye. If the fallopian tubes are clear, this dye will pass through them and into the abdominal cavity, which will show up on the X-ray. If there is a blockage, the radiologist will be able to identify it. The procedure is very quick (usually around 5 minutes) and pretty painless. She might experience cramping from the insertion of the dye, but capturing the images is easily performed right afterwards.

Hysteroscopy: If the HSG shows any issues, the doctor might recommend a hysteroscopy which will involve a tiny camera that is inserted into the uterus, through the cervix. The goal is to closely examine the lining of the uterus (also known as the endometrium) to determine what issues might be present. It can help detect abnormal bleeding or growths that could be preventing pregnancy. This viewing tool also analyzes whether the size and shape of the uterus could be causing infertility issues. Most women who are trying to get pregnant will have this test performed prior to ovulation. Depending on preference, a doctor has the option to dispense a mild sedative beforehand, or even use anesthesia. Just like a gynecological exam, you will be required to lie on an examination table and a speculum will be used to insert the hysteroscopy. You could experience cramping, but the overall procedure is relatively simple and should take around 30 minutes.

Laparoscopy: Similar to a hysteroscopy, a laparoscopy is another method of viewing a woman’s reproductive organs more closely. Unlike the former procedure, though, a laparoscopy is done under general anesthesia and is a mildly invasive process. It is used to help locate cysts or other growths that could be contributing to infertility. A small incision is made in the belly and a lighted tube is inserted to examine the organs. In some circumstances, a doctor will want to take a biopsy for further inspection, or may even want to drain cysts or use laser treatments to correct scar tissue damage. Depending on what needs to be done during the procedure, it could take around 30-90 minutes.

Endometrial biopsy: Depending on the situation, a doctor might decide to take a sample of the uterine lining for testing if he or she believes it might be the cause of conceiving issues. This procedure is called an endometrial biopsy, and is a pretty quick procedure. A woman will need to lie on an examination table, where a speculum is used to help administer numbing medication to the cervix. Once the cervix is numb, a tool is guided into the uterus to collect a sample that will be studied in a lab to determine if the cells are normal. The whole process should take between 5-15 minutes.

All of these tests are typically performed under more extreme circumstances – if a couple’s doctor believes their conceiving issues are significant enough to continue investigation.

In many instances though, a couple might not feel the need to invest time and money into trying to determine the root of their fertility issues, and might instead opt to continue trying regardless of the verdict. The Stork OTC is an excellent option for couples who can’t afford fertility treatments, but want to try for an extra boost. With the results from our latest study, our product is an excellent alternative for those who have conceiving issues but aren’t ready to continue investigating them.

If you can’t afford fertility treatments but need help in your journey to conception, the Stork OTC can be a step to further your journey at a fraction of the cost.